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  • Moskovalainen

    Ruotsi, Suomi ja Venäjä 1478–1721

    Kari Tarkiainen

    Part of the Historiallisia Tutkimuksia series.
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    The Muscovite. Sweden, Finland and Russia 1478–1721

    The great change in European relations with Russia took place in 1478 when Muscovy replaced the trading Republic of Novgorod as a neighbor of Sweden, Livonia and Lithuania. Western Europe was since that year bordering to a bellicose great power with large resources causing dread. The feelings of dread caused by Russia with Czars like Ivan the Terrible became a standing theme in printed matter as well as politics and the image of Russia became very much similar to the image of Turkey, which threatened Europe from South-East. Various, usually rather negative, stereotype expressions characterized the vocabulary of the 16th century.

    The Peace of Stolbova in 1617 started a period of successive change. The era of Sweden as a Great Power led to growing knowledge about Russia in almost every respect, but it was still based on the already accepted stereotypes. They started, however, typically to seem more diluted and thin with time. The image of Russia as a threat was to a growing extent replaced by an image of a possibility. The perhaps most remarkable but rather unoriginal printed Swedish description of Russia of the era was Regni Muschovotici Sciographia, published by Petrus Petrejus.

    At the final stage of Sweden’s era as a great power there was a substantial widening but also polarization of the information on Russia. The Russian reform process during Tsar Peter I also began to influence the minds after the turn of the century in 1700. One of the principal describers of this process was Lars Johan Malm (Ehrenmalm), whose large manuscript about the power of the Russian Empire of that time, Några Anmärkningar Angående det Ryska Rijkets Nuvarande Macht from 1714, never reached the printers due to intervention from censors.

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    How to cite this book
    Tarkiainen, K. 2022. Moskovalainen: Ruotsi, Suomi ja Venäjä 1478–1721. Helsinki: Finnish Literature Society. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21435/ht.286
    Tarkiainen, K., 2022. Moskovalainen: Ruotsi, Suomi ja Venäjä 1478–1721. Helsinki: Finnish Literature Society. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21435/ht.286
    Tarkiainen, K. Moskovalainen: Ruotsi, Suomi Ja Venäjä 1478–1721. Finnish Literature Society, 2022. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21435/ht.286
    Tarkiainen, K. (2022). Moskovalainen: Ruotsi, Suomi ja Venäjä 1478–1721. Helsinki: Finnish Literature Society. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21435/ht.286
    Tarkiainen, Kari. 2022. Moskovalainen: Ruotsi, Suomi Ja Venäjä 1478–1721. Helsinki: Finnish Literature Society. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21435/ht.286




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    Additional Information

    Published on 29 Sep 2022

    Language

    Finnish

    Pages:

    449

    ISBN
    EPUB 978-951-858-575-9
    Paperback 978-951-858-574-2
    PDF 978-951-858-576-6

    DOI
    https://doi.org/10.21435/ht.286