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  • The Springs Of Democracy

    National and Transnational Debates on Constitutional Reform in the British, German, Swedish and Finnish Parliaments, 1917-1919

    Pasi Ihalainen

    Part of the Studia Fennica Historica series.
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    During the First World War, conflicts between the people’s sacrifices and their political participation led to crises of parliamentary legitimacy. This volume compares British, German, Swedish and Finnish debates on revolution, rule by the people, democracy and parliamentarism and their transnational links. The British reform, although more about winning the war than advancing democracy, restored parliamentary legitimacy, unlike in Germany, where Allied demands for democratisation made reform appear treasonous and fostered native German solutions. Sweden only adopted Western political models after major confrontations, but reforms saw it embark on its path to Social Democracy. In Finland, competing Russian revolutionary discourses and German- and Swedish-inspired appeals to legality brought about the deterioration of parliamentary legitimacy and a civil war. Only a republican compromise imposed by the Entente, following a royalist initiative in 1918, led to the construction of a viable polity.

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    How to cite this book
    Ihalainen, P. 2017. The Springs Of Democracy: National and Transnational Debates on Constitutional Reform in the British, German, Swedish and Finnish Parliaments, 1917-1919. Helsinki: Finnish Literature Society. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21435/sfh.24




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    This book distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution + Noncommercial + NoDerivatives 4.0 license. Copyright is retained by the author(s)

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    Additional Information

    Published on 20 Oct 2017

    Language

    English

    Pages:

    590

    ISBN
    EPUB978-952-222-928-1
    Paperback978-952-222-918-2
    PDF978-952-222-929-8

    DOI
    https://doi.org/10.21435/sfh.24


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